Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
1974 - 1981

Official portrait: Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
Portrait officiel de Valéry Giscard d’Estaing
© La Documentation française. Photo Jacques-Henri Lartigue

2 February 1926
Valéry-Giscard d’Estaing was born in Koblenz, Germany.
He attended Lycée Blaise-Pascal in Clermont-Ferrand, École Gerson, Lycée Janson-de-Sailly and Lycée Louis-le-Grand in Paris.

August 1944
At the age of 18, he participated in the Liberation of Paris as a public order officer, then he joined the French First Army, under the orders of General de Lattre de Tassigny.

13 April 1945
He rose to the rank of corporal, was mentioned in the order of the Army for his bravery and was decorated with the Croix de Guerre 39-45.

September 1945
He returned to the Lycée Louis le Grand to prepare for the École Polytechnique, to which he was admitted in July 1946.

1949-1951
He was a student at the École Nationale d'Administration under the Decree of 19 July 1948, which allows one Polytechnique student per year to enter without taking the competitive recruitment exam. 

1952
He worked as an assistant at the Inspectorate of Finance. 

1954 
He was a finance inspector.

June-December 1954
He was the Deputy Director of the Office of Edgar Faure, Prime Minister.

1956-1959
He served as Deputy for the Department of Puy-de-Dôme.

1956-1957
He was a member of the French delegation to the 11th session of the United Nations General Assembly.

1958-1974
He was Rochefort-Montagne Departmental Councillor.

January 1959
He served as Minister of State for Finance.

January-April 1962
He served as Minister of Finance.

April-November 1962
He served as Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs.

November-December 1962
He served as Deputy for the Department of Puy-de-Dôme. 

1962-1966
He served as Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs. 

1966-1967
He went back to work at the Inspectorate of Finance. 

1966
He was President of the National Federation of Independent Republicans. 

1967-1969
He served as Deputy for the Department of Puy-de-Dôme (2nd constituency Clermont Nord et Sud-Ouest) 

1967-1968
He was President of the Commission for Finance, the General Economy and the Plan of the National Assembly.

1970 
He was President of the Council of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

1969-1974 
He served as Minister of the Economy and Finance. 

19 May 1974-19 May 1981
He was elected third President of the Fifth Republic.

His term-of-office was marked by the lowering of the right to vote to 18 years of age, the decriminalization of abortion, the introduction of divorce by mutual consent, and the enlargement of the right of referral to the Constitutional Council.

1982-1988
He was Puy-de-Dôme Departmental Councillor (Chamalières).

1984-1989
He served as Deputy for the Department of Puy-de-Dôme, 2nd constituency.

1986-2004
He was President of the Auvergne Regional Council. 

1989-1993
He was a Member of the European Parliament.

2003
He was a Member of the Académie Française, in the seat occupied by Léopold Sédar Senghor.

2004
He began to sit on the Constitutional Council, of which he had been an ex officio member since the end of his presidential term.

2 December 2020
He died at his home in Authon in the Department of Loir-et-Cher, at the age of 94.

Portrait de Valéry Giscard d'Estaing

Qui est Valéry Giscard D' Estaing ? (1974) - Archive INA

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Georges Pompidou

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