Because most issues are now global (from regulating trade to fighting climate change, not to mention resolving the migrant crisis and many other challenges), six countries decided in 1975 to join forces to work together by creating the “G6”, which became the “G7” in 1976.
The seven G7 countries were Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. The European Union is a non-enumerated member of the G7 but neither chairs nor hosts Summits.
The G7 Presidency is held on a rotating basis, with a different member each year setting out the main items on the agenda. France will include many partners (e.g. international organizations, NGOs, local government, researchers, businesses) in each of its G7 priorities. This G7 will be a collective effort.
Five goals for fighting inequality
In 2019, to allow everyone to have the same opportunities in life regardless of background, gender or where they live, but also to ensure global stability and peace, France wants the G7 objectives to be:
- fighting inequality of opportunity, promoting in particular gender equality, access to education and high-quality health services;
- reducing environmental inequality by protecting our planet through climate finance and a fair ecological transition, preserving biodiversity and the oceans;
- strengthening of the social dimension of globalisation through more fair and equitable trade, tax and development policies;
- taking action for peace, against security threats and terrorism which weaken the foundations of our societies;
- tapping into the opportunities created by digital technology and artificial intelligence.
A final communiqué
The goal of the G7 is to approve new actions to be put in place to fulfil the objectives (pre-defined ones in the case of the G7 in 2019).
How will we reach these decisions?
- Many stakeholders (elected representatives, experts, civil society representatives, businesses, etc.) form working groups and draw up proposals.
- The Ministers prepare solutions in their respective fields of expertise.
- The leaders adopt an action plan, published in the form of a communiqué upon conclusion of their discussions.
Throughout the year, the “sous-sherpas” and “sherpas” (personal representatives of the Heads of State and Government) prepare the Summit based on this work.
Eight key dates
The Biarritz Summit will take place from 24 to 26 August 2019 with the leaders of the seven member countries.
Ministerial meetings will also be organized throughout 2019: